Announcement of A/Professor Victor J Cadarso’s Appointment as MCN’s Deputy Scientific Director

We are pleased to announce that Associate Professor Victor J Cadarso has been appointed as MCN’s Deputy Scientific Director.

Dr Cadarso holds a PhD in Physics, which he obtained in December 2008 from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. His impressive academic journey includes research conducted at the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ) at the Institute of Microelectronics of Barcelona (IMB), where he focused on Micro and Nanotechnology for the development of microsystems and biosensors.

In 2009, Dr Cadarso joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) as a Marie Curie Fellow, contributing to a project dedicated to the technology transfer between academia and industry in the field of polymer technologies. His dedication and contributions were further recognized when he was awarded the prestigious Ambizione Fellowship from the Swiss National Science Foundation in 2013. During this fellowship, he joined the Laboratory for Micro and Nanotechnology at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), where he made significant advancements in 3D nanolithography, fabrication of hierarchical micro/nanostructures, patterning of complex materials, and the development of photonic sensing elements.

In 2016, Dr Cadarso brought his wealth of knowledge and expertise to Monash University, joining the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering as a Senior Lecturer. In this role, he established a laboratory focusing on micro and nanotechnologies, sensing and imaging applications, soft matter, and surface modification for biomedical and environmental applications. Additionally, he was appointed as the Research Leader for the Centre to Impact Antimicrobial Resistance, showcasing his commitment to addressing critical global challenges.

We are confident that Dr Cadarso’s extensive experience and leadership qualities will significantly contribute to the continued growth and success of the MCN. Please join us in welcoming him.

Nanofabulous Seminar: Ferroelectricity in Two-Dimensional Heterobilayers

Two-dimensional (2D) materials with out-of-plane (OOP) ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties are highly desirable to realize ultrathin ferro- and piezo-electronic devices. We demonstrate unexpected OOP ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity in untwisted, commensurate, and epitaxial MoS2/WS2 heterobilayers synthesized by scalable one-step chemical vapour deposition (CVD). The modulation of tunneling current by ~103 times in ferroelectric tunnel junction (FTJ) devices by changing the polarization state of MoS2/WS2 heterobilayers was demonstrated. Our results are consistent with density functional theory, which shows that symmetry breaking and interlayer sliding give rise to unexpected properties without invoking twist angles or Moiré domains [1].

Ref: [1] Lukas Rogée et al., Science 376, 973–978 (2022)



Relationship between second harmonic generation intensity and vertical stacking angleq. Dark triangles are labelled 2H-like and bright triangles 3R-like.




Professor Shu Ping Lau
Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

2:00pm, 27/02/2024
Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication
151 Wellington Road, Clayton, 3168

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Meeting ID: 880 2472 4631 and passcode: 865805

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Nanofabulous Seminar: Recent Advances in X-ray Imaging Scintillators



The high demand for ultralow detection limits of ionizing radiation in medical radiography, high-energy physics, and security screening has driven extensive research on X-ray imaging scintillators.



While high-performance scintillators in the current X-ray imaging market made of ceramics that require harsh and costly preparation and engineering conditions, perovskites and their related structures, heavy-atom engineered thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and copper nanoclusters with their unique optical behaviors and high X-ray absorption cross section are now promising competitors if not alternatives. In this talk, I will present the engineering of perovskite nanosheets with excellent scintillation performance due to efficient energy transfer processes between stacked thin and thick nanosheet.

Additionally, I will talk about the efficient and ultrafast energy transfer strategies between perovskite nanosheets and TADF that successfully produced a reabsorptionfree organic X-ray imaging scintillator with an ultralow detection limits and outstanding X-ray imaging resolution.  Similarly, I will talk about perovskite related Cu and Ag halides as well as Cu-based halide nanostructures that showed outstanding X-ray imaging performance.  Moreover, we will discuss the fabrication of a thick pixelated needle-like array scintillator capable of micrometer resolution via waveguide structure engineering that lead to ultra-high spatial resolutions of 60.8 lp mm-1, representing a laboratory-scale record for extensively studied metal halide scintillators. The talk also discusses a novel top-filter-bottom sandwich structure scintillator for highperformance dual-energy X-ray imaging within a single exposure.  Finally, our innovation of true-color multienergy X-ray imaging technology centered around multiple scintillator architecture with a six-layer ΔE-E telescope configuration to achieve powerful material-specific capability, surpassing what is offered by traditional X-ray imaging technologies will also be discussed in this talk. This breakthrough research enables clear resolution of different biological tissues and materials objects based on their corresponding colors and paves the way for the development of new imaging scintillator architectures with potential applications in medical imaging, industrial monitoring and security checks.

Prof Omar F. Mohammed
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia

11:00am, 15/02/2024
Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication
151 Wellington Road, Clayton, 3168

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Meeting ID: 863 7672 2911 and passcode: 973029

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Upcoming: ANFF Direct Write Lithography Workshop (Feb 16th)

As a bonus following the upcoming ICONN 2024 conference taking place Feb 13th to 15th at the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre, ANFF is hosting a free Direct Write Lithography Workshop (DWL) on 16th Feb 2024.

The workshop will feature exciting and insightful talks from broad range of DWL experts as well as tips and tricks and networking opportunities.

For further details and a link to register, please see here.

Adorning a red blood cell with the world’s tiniest Mo

The team at MCN recently had the pleasure of working with Lifeblood (Australian Red Cross) and Movember on an interesting, if quirky, project with both microscopic proportions and massive challenges. The goal: fabricate and position the world’s tiniest moustache on a red blood cell. The result, as you can see from the image above, was a smashing success.

To read more about the project and how it came together, visit here.

Credit where it’s due:

Blood cell sample prep – Monash Ramaciotti Centre for Cryo-Electron Microscopy 

Mo fabrication – John Paul Teodosio

Mo manipulation and placement – Dr Vahid Adineh

FIB-SEM support – Dr Guangyuan Si and Dr Tatiana Pinedo-Rivera


ANFF’s Design Accelerator Program Kicks Off









ANFF’s appointment of Professor Leah Heiss (Monash) as the network’s Designer In-Residence is already returning value to the users of its facilities. In late October a pair of Victorian medtech startups, Haemograph and Symex took part in a three day Design Accelerator Program (DAP) workshop aimed at injecting design-oriented thinking into their technology development.

Based on the success and feedback of the inaugural event, it is envisaged that future iterations of the DAP workshop could be rolled out within other ANFF nodes around the country, engaging Australian startups and SMEs across a range of TRLs and helping them to proactively incorporate design-focused thinking at the early stages of device development.

Link to the October event flyer – here

Nanofabulous Seminar: Matter to Life: Bottom-Up Assembly of Synthetic Cells


The evolution of cellular compartments for spatially and temporally controlled assembly of biological processes was an essential step in developing life by evolution. Synthetic approaches to cellular-like compartments are still lacking well-controlled functionalities, as would be needed for more complex synthetic cells. With the ultimate aim to construct life-like materials such as a living cell, matter-to-life strives to reconstitute cellular phenomena in vitro – disentangled from the complex environment of a cell. In recent years, working towards this ambitious goal gave new insights into the mechanisms governing life. With the fast-growing library of functional modules assembled for synthetic cells, their classification and integration become increasingly important.


We will discuss strategies to reverse-engineer and recombine functional parts for synthetic eukaryotes, mimicking the characteristics of nature’s own prototype. Particularly, we will focus on large outer compartments, complex endomembrane systems with organelles and versatile cytoskeletons as hallmarks of eukaryotic life. Moreover, we identify microfluidics and DNA nanotechnology as two highly promising technologies which can achieve the integration of these functional modules into sophisticated multifunctional synthetic cells. 









Prof Joachim P. Spatz
Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Heidelberg, Germany

11:00am, 9/11/2023
Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication
151 Wellington Road, Clayton, 3168

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Meeting ID: 863 5742 5847 Passcode: 074707

Nanofabulous Seminar: Engineering, processing & applications of structural proteins: The tale of spider silk



Proteins reflect one fascinating class of natural polymers with huge potential for technical as well as biomedical applications. One well-known example is spider silk, a protein fiber with excellent mechanical properties such as strength and toughness.




During 400 million years of evolution spiders became outstanding silk producers. Most spider silks are used for building the web, which reflects an optimized trap for flying prey. We have developed biotechnological methods using bacteria as production hosts, which produce structural proteins mimicking the natural ones. Besides the recombinant protein fabrication, we analyzed the natural assembly processes and we have developed spinning techniques to produce protein threads closely resembling natural silk fibers. Importantly, we can employ the bio-inspired proteins also in other application forms such as hydrogels, particles, non-woven mats, foams or films, and we have been able to use spider silk proteins as novel bioinks for biofabrication. Our bio-inspired approach serves as a basis for new materials in a variety of medical, biological, or technical applications.

Prof Thomas Scheibel
Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien, Universität Bayreuth
Bayreuth, Germany

4:00pm, 12/10/2023
Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication
151 Wellington Road, Clayton, 3168

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Meeting ID: 834 1963 7873 and passcode: 428084

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Nanofabulous Seminar: Atomic layer deposition as an enabling nanotechnology




Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is a true enabling nanotechnology that allows for the preparation of high-quality thin films on challenging surface topologies with excellent step coverage and precisely controlled nanometer dimensions. The semiconductor industry has been the main driving force behind the industrial implementation of ALD in high-volume manufacturing in the last 2 decades, not only in the materials- and 3D-enabled scaling but also in the litho-enabled scaling. Furthermore, ALD has become critical in many more applications including power electronics, microsystems, solar cells, batteries, etc.

In this presentation, the method of ALD will be introduced including a description of its underlying mechanisms, key features and applications. Subsequently some relevant developments in the wider field of atomic scale processing will be discussed.

Prof Erwin Kessels
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology
Eindhoven, Netherlands

4:00pm, 03/10/2023
Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication
151 Wellington Road, Clayton, 3168

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Meeting ID: 826 1240 3047 and passcode: 971404

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Research Professionals @ Monash Professional Development Awards

Congratulations to Hemayet Uddin, our MCN senior process engineer and academic coordinator, for winning the Monash Professional Development Award. Hemayet’s exceptional achievement stands out among the 8 winners selected from within Monash. His dedication and hard work are truly commendable, and his contributions to the team and the field of process engineering are greatly appreciated. As part of this award, Hemayet had the opportunity to visit Santa Barbara, California, USA from July 11th to 19th, 2023, where he attended a course on Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) advanced electrical measurements applications at the prestigious Bruker Nano Surfaces & Metrology. Well done, Hemayet, on this remarkable accomplishment!

Hemayet (Fourth from the left ) at the Bruker Nano Surfaces and Metrology facility, Santa Barbara, USA.